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Sphere on Spiral Stairs
Sphere on Spiral Stairs

How to use Nuisance Abatement to Get rid Of Vacant/Abandoned Property Ohio Revised Code (ORC) 3701.0

Any Ohio Citizen responds to and investigates public health nuisance complaints. In simple terms, a public health nuisance is when a property is in a condition that threatens or potentially threatens the health of a person or community.

Below are examples of environmental public health nuisances that the Health District will investigate:

Malfunctioning home septic systems and sewage

Accumulation of trash, garbage and materials on properties

Rat and rodent infestations

Animal waste and manure

Dead animals

Unsanitary, unsafe housing or living conditions

Below are examples of environmental concerns at a licensed or regulated facility:

Food Service or Food Establishment

Swimming Pool


Nuissance Complaint Procedure

Except for food complaints as allowed by law, all other complaints must be received in writing and Complaint Report Forms must be signed. Include as much detailed information regarding the problem as possible, and be certain to include your contact information so that you can be reached for further questions and/or to be notified of results of investigations.

Ohio Revised Code (ORC) 3701.01

A local board of health may, by order, compel the owners, agents, assignees, occupants, or tenants of any lot, property, building, or structure to abate and remove any nuisance therein, and prosecute such persons for neglect or refusal to obey such orders. Except in cities having a building department, or otherwise exercising the power to regulate the erection of buildings, the board may regulate the location, construction, and repair of water closets, privies, cesspools, sinks, plumbing, and drains. In cities having such departments or exercising such power, the legislative authority, by ordinance, shall prescribe such rules and regulations as are approved by the board and shall provide for their enforcement.

The board may regulate the location, construction, and repair of yards, pens, and stables, and the use, emptying, and cleaning of such yards, pens, and stables and of water closets, privies, cesspools, sinks, plumbing, drains, or other places where offensive or dangerous substances or liquids are or may accumulate.

When a building, erection, excavation, premises, business, pursuit, matter, or thing, or the sewerage, drainage, plumbing, or ventilation thereof is, in the opinion of the board, in a condition dangerous to life or health, and when a building or structure is occupied or rented for living or business purposes and sanitary plumbing and sewerage are feasible and necessary, but neglected or refused, the board may declare it a public nuisance and order it to be removed, abated, suspended, altered, or otherwise improved or purified by the owner, agent, or other person having control thereof or responsible for such condition, and may prosecute him for the refusal or neglect to obey such order.

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